STC Educational Panel

The Fear and Greed Index

March 29, 2023
Read time:

The cryptocurrency market is known for its volatility, high dependence on economic and geopolitical events, as well as social media exposure and present industry trends. Despite some uncertainties, cryptocurrencies are increasingly popular among investors.

Emotions and investing are closely linked, and acknowledging that they are part of what drives our behavior is valuable. This is where getting familiar with the Fear and Greed Index becomes useful.

The Fear and Greed Index is a sentiment analysis tool that measures emotions and sentiments of market participants towards the cryptocurrency market.

How is this index calculated?

It is calculated using a combination of different data points and indicators, including:

  1. Volatility (25% of the index) – the level of price volatility is a crucial indicator of market sentiment. Higher volatility is generally associated with fear, while lower volatility suggests confidence and greed.
  2. Market Momentum/Volume (25% of the index) – the cryptocurrency market's momentum and trading volume can indicate whether traders are bullish or bearish. Continuous high volume suggests greedy sentiment.
  3. Bitcoin Dominance (10% of the index) – a rise in Bitcoin’s market dominance indicates a sign of a fearful market, while lower dominance suggests greed.
  4. Social Media (15% of the index) – the sentiment of social media posts and online discussions about cryptocurrencies can provide insight into market sentiment.
  5. Google Trends (10% of the index) – they provide insight into the level of interest and attention the general public has towards cryptocurrencies, which can indicate market sentiment.
  6. Surveys (15% of the index) – surveys of market participants and traders can provide valuable data on sentiment and market expectations. However, this input is currently paused.

By combining these different indicators, the Crypto Fear and Greed Index aims to provide a comprehensive snapshot of the current market sentiment towards cryptocurrencies.

How to interpret the index?

To interpret this index, you can monitor the current market sentiment here:

source:, March 14, 2023

The index scales can be divided into categories:

  • 0-24 (indicates extreme fear),
  • 25-49 (fear),
  • 50-74 (greed),
  • 75-100 (excessive greed).


Fear and greed are two strong emotions that affect the market. Fear refers to the state that occurs when the price of assets falls and uncertainties arise. Investors become reluctant to make decisions about new investments and close their positions to avoid further losses.

Closing positions can cause a further decrease in prices, creating a domino effect and leading to even more significant declines.


Greed occurs when prices increase, and the market seems appealing. Investors become more willing to take risks, leading to increased market activity and demand for crypto, which in turn leads to higher prices.

It should be noted that fear and greed can sometimes be volatile indicators of emotions and do not always reflect the actual state of the market. Therefore, it is crucial to avoid making investment decisions solely on sentiment.


Fear and greed are indicators of investor sentiment in the cryptocurrency market. By monitoring the current index rate, investors can better understand market behavior and make more informed investment decisions.

Complete quiz
The Fear and Greed Index
Share this article
Explore other articles

What is MACD and how to use it to determine market trends and reversals?

The Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) is a trading indicator that measures an asset's momentum through two exponential moving averages (EMAs) of different periods.

Annual Percentage Rate (APR) and Annual Percentage Yield (APY)

Both APR and APY are fundamental terms if you invest in cryptocurrencies. Generally, APR is most beneficial when you borrow, and APY works in your favor if you lend.

Investment 101: Introduction to Limit Order and Market Order

With a limit order, you control the price but risk not completing your transactions. In contrast, market order ensures the execution of transactions at a current market price, which may change before the transaction process is completed.